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Caused by a fungal pathogen (Cylindrocladium buxicola). Dormancy in winter is a survival mechanism and boxwoods enter the process typically in late fall or early. Mary Ann Hansen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Bugwood.org, Treating Volutella Blight On Pachysandra: What Is Pachysandra Volutella Blight, Boxwood Shrub Pests – Tips On Controlling Boxwood Insects, Boxwood Care - How To Grow Boxwood Shrubs, Holiday Garden Baskets: How To Make Christmas Hanging Baskets, Planting A Giving Garden: Food Bank Garden Ideas, Giving To Food Deserts – How To Donate To Food Deserts, Mulch Gardening Info: Can You Grow Plants In Mulch, Meadow Grass Maintenance: Tips For Annual Meadow Grass Control. The boxwood hedge in front of Detroit Garden Works has been there 17 years. Learn how to plant and care for boxwood hedges, and which varieties to choose that resist disease and blight. Boxwood Winter Damage. Cylindrocladium buxicola and Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum) Printable PDF Click on images to see larger view Boxwood blight is a serious disease of boxwood. Go for the Glencoe which is fabulous and will be only about 2.5 feet high (3 feet wide) with no pruning req. Boxwood Blight Calonectria pseudonaviculata (syn. Though their winter color was decidedly orange, they were hardy as could be. There are a ton of effective chemicals you could use to knock them down, or you can use a dilution of soap and water, alcohol, neem oil, or another natural approach (which I … There are many others, could try also green velvet. Plants For Riparian Areas – Tips For Planning A Riparian Garden, Recipes From The Garden: Pressure Cooking Root Vegetables, Gratitude For The Garden – Being Grateful For Each Growing Season, 7 Reasons To Do Your Garden Shopping Locally, Thankful Beyond Words – What Represents Gratefulness In My Garden. Rinse with clear water and allow them to air dry. Blanketing Your Boxwood. Our reader didn’t mention if the entire boxwood was turning brown or just portions. More than 200 cultivars exist, with 178 available commercially. Plant pathologists at Virginia State University suggest Bonide’s Fung-Onil (available here)  or Ortho Garden Disease Control. ... Carroll County Maryland boxwood blight shrub boxwood stress boxwood orange boxwood submitted almost 4 years ago. Boxwood blight has been confirmed in several states, but as of May 2015 it has not been confirmed in Michigan. If your planting site is subjected to winter winds, consider covering the boxwood with, Boxwood blight may be the culprit when a boxwood turns brown. Disinfect your pruners between plants. Here are the symptoms of boxwood blight: Circle-shaped, tan leaf spots with a dark purple or brown border; Black stem lesions or blackening of the stems; Infected leaves turn a tan color and drop from the plant, resulting in bare stems; Boxwood blight’s leaf spots may merge together and mimic winter injury, but there are differences. Then, choose a better planting site. There is not much you can do for plants if they have such damage. Plant pathologists at Virginia State University suggest Bonide’s Fung-Onil (available, Or, contact your county cooperative extension for information on the proper fungicide to use for your area. Make sure to use a very breathable fabric so that you do not suffocate it. It was first confirmed in the United States in 2011 in North Carolina and Connecticut and has since spread to many eastern states and others in the Midwest and Pacific Northwest. But don’t give up on it. Water deeply, to a depth of 12 to 18 inches, once a week. The reason that blight wasn’t my first thought is that most fungal pathogens, including this one, require warm, humid conditions to thrive and spread. Click on links below to jump to that question. There is no cure for boxwood blight, so gardeners must rely on disease prevention to protect their plants. They had grown to a fairly uniform 3′ tall, and are every bit of four feet wide. Boxwood: These will not winterburn in sun in the Twin Cities-- not one single bit. ... i.e. Scrub them thoroughly with soap and water and dry them before putting them away. The boxwood arrived in this country in the mid-1600s, from Europe. Symptoms of an infection include. In fact, boxwood blight fungus thrives in a temperature range of 41 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Dr. Sharon M. Douglass at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. What is winter burn? Because boxwoods are easy to manipulate and maintain into so many different shapes and sizes, they can always find a home in formal settings. Phytophthora root rot is caused by too much moisture from over-watering or heavy rains. And with their timeless glossy green leaves, they easily add elegance to any garden space. Boxwood blight can spread very rapidly during warm and humid conditions and can be a very serious problem in commercial production. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Boxwood blight is relatively new plant disease that ruins the appearance of boxwoods and pachysandras. Caused by a fungal pathogen (. I used to think that hedges infected with box blight had to be removed, but after some sage advice I have revised my stance. Secondary infections usually attack and kill the plant. For an example of boxwoods with winter burn, visit the. Repeat the fungicide applications every week or two weeks, depending on the product’s label instructions, throughout the growing season. This collection of buxus microphylla koreana were Canadian grown. A survey of more than 4,000 landscape professionals proclaims the boxwood as America’s most popular shrub, according to BetterHomesandGardens.com. That’s the first thing that came to mind. Winterburn is usually attributed to … The experts at Missouri Botanical Garden recommend that you continue watering the boxwood as long as the ground isn’t frozen. Dr. Douglas cautions that the fungus can survive in plant debris for up to five years. Evergreens are usually the first plants to show visible signs of winter injury in the spring. If the plant has tip-burn, you’ll need to just trim back the branches until you meet green foliage. Boxwood blight is a fungal disease caused by the organism Cylindrocladium buxicola. For more information on boxwood blight, visit saundersbrothers.com and for general information about the boxwood, visit the American Boxwood Society online at boxwoodsociety.org. Sign up for our newsletter. Dip them in a solution of nine parts water and one part bleach for 10 seconds and then allow them to air dry. bacterial blight; Fungal pathogens can also do the same or reduce the size or quality of the flowers, i.e. Find out about the prevention and treatment of boxwood blight in this article. You’ll find a. for all 50 states here on Gardenologist.org. in household disinfectant (such as Lysol) by soaking for five to 10 minutes. powdery mildew, Botrytis ... Late frost injury to new growth on boxwood (Buxus spp.) As the infection proceeds, the leaves will begin dropping from the boxwood. Small-Leaved Boxwood Buxus microphylla. Even this drastic measure doesn’t ensure that the boxwood will live. Avoid planting boxwoods in partly shaded areas. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The shrub then drops most or all of its leaves and the twigs begin to die back. Just like you care for your boxwoods in summer, care of boxwoods in winter is paramount. In fact, boxwood blight fungus thrives in a temperature range of 41 to 86 degrees Fahrenheit, according to Dr. Sharon M. Douglass at the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station. grow in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 6 through 8, and even in the warmer zones, you might have an … Browning usually occurs from the needle tips downward. All rights reserved. Some links may be affiliate links. You’ll find a cooperative extension directory for all 50 states here on Gardenologist.org. Let’s see if we can figure it out. Luckily, we’re here to help. Gardenologist.org is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to products for sale at Amazon.com. What happens when temperatures return to normal is that this growth dies and takes with it moister from older parts of the plant as well, which makes it turn brown. The boxwood leaves on the interior of the shrub, protected from salt winter wind and sun scald may survive the toughest winter. The poster child for traditional formal gardens, boxwood has seen its ups and downs in popularity over the years, but it always seems to bounce back. Boxwoods suffer badly in winter because they’re native to areas where winters are very mild. The organism also goes by the pseudonyms Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum or Calonectria pseudonaviculata. Your email address will not be published. If your planting site is subjected to winter winds, consider covering the boxwood with burlap (like this, at Amazon.com) over the winter. Q. Bowoods Turning Yellow - If have some boxwoods around 28 years old that are turning yellow and some newer ones around 3 years old.… Q. Boxwoods Suffered Winter Kill - Boxwoods suffered winter kill. Find an area that is protected from winter winds that tend to dry out even the hardiest perennial shrubs. Your email address will not be published. Dead foliage tends to hang in the shrub, so for sightliness' sake prune out the dead, cutting back to live wood. And, it will need to wait until the danger of frost has passed in spring. Symptoms of winter burn are present on many narrow-leafed evergreens, such as hemlock, juniper, pine, and yew, and broad-leaved evergreens, such as boxwood and rhododendron. When evergreens and perennials are subjected to these conditions, the result is often browning leaves/needles. It is suggested that you use a tree bag or burlap material to cover your boxwood. We received an email yesterday from a visitor to Gardenologist.org. Dormancy in winter is a survival mechanism and boxwoods enter the process typically in late fall or early If it snaps the boxwood out of its dormant state, it may “assume” that spring came early and start a spurt of active growth – growth which is young and tender. Also there is a destructive condition called Boxwood Blight now making the rounds in North America, which you may want to look up. Box blight is a disease which affects Boxwood (Buxus sempervirens) and its family of plants.The disease is caused by two genetic types of fungi, Cylindrocladium buxicola and Volutella buxi, that attack the leaves and stems of the plant.Thankfully, it does not affect or kill the roots so, with the right box blight treatment, you don’t have to replace the entire plant. Required fields are marked *. You may choose to also wrap some cording around the whole bush for areas with very high winds. The damage I see on the boxwood at the shop makes me want to rush out there with my pruners. Q. Boxwood Shrub Defoliation - What causes total defoliation on boxwood shrubs? Then, just before the first frost is expected, spread 3 or 4 inches of mulch over the boxwood’s root zone to insulate the roots and keep them moist. Although fungicides aren’t proven to stop boxwood blight once a plant is infected, use them as a preventive measure along with the aforementioned cultural practices. Since there is no cure at this time for boxwood blight, prevention is key. More than just Winterburn on Boxwood? The roots aren’t affected, so the shrub may regrow. So, why is her boxwood turning brown? Boxwood blight (also known as box blight and boxwood leaf drop) is a devastating disease of boxwood (Buxus spp.) She is alarmed by her boxwood turning brown and asked for help. Sterilize sharp pruning shears in household disinfectant (such as Lysol) by soaking for five to 10 minutes. Why Do My Knock Out Rose Bushes Have Rose Rosette? Probably the burning was caused by pruning late in the season which caused a flush of weak growth which was nipped by cold wind. This low-growing shrub has the advantage of keeping deer away. A third choice you may have there is Japanese holly, this can often seem visually preferable to box (and does not get Boxwood Blight) … Other plants that are related to boxwoods may also be hosts, such as pachysandra and sweet box (Sarcococca species). What is box blight? It might seem early to be thinking about winter yard and garden prep, but if there’s one thing we’ve learned here in the volatile climate of the Berserkshires Berkshires, it’s that you can never plan too far ahead. The large, overwintered worms emerge as tiny flies (sometimes mistaken for gnats) which will fly about, landing all over the boxwood plants. that can cause leaf loss and eventual death of affected shrubs. Plants don’t usually die of boxwood blight disease, but after repeatedly losing its leaves, it becomes so weak that it has no resistance to other diseases. Sometimes the wood will be cracked. District of Columbia County District of Columbia shrubs boxwood winter burn boxwood with winter burn boxwood leaf yellowing submitted over 2 years ago. For an example of boxwoods with winter burn, visit the Missouri Botanical Garden’s website. Discovered in the U.K. in the mid-1990s, the disease didn’t make its way to the U.S. until October 2011, where it was detected in a nursery in North Carolina. Clean off the soles of your shoes before moving from one part of the garden to another. Other members of the boxwood family, Pachysandra terminalis (Allegheny spurge) and Pachysandra procumbens ( Japanese pachysandra) as well as member so the Saracoccca species are also attacked by this pathogen. Never compost them unless you are sure your plants are disease-free. Boxwood blight is a fungal disease caused by the organism Cylindrocladium buxicola. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Destroy or dispose of boxwood clippings. Revised: 1/30/2015 Item number: XHT1239. The disease is called box blight in the U.K., and you may also hear it referred to as boxwood leaf drop in the U.S. Or, contact your county cooperative extension for information on the proper fungicide to use for your area. All boxwood, including the popular English and American varieties, are susceptible to the disease. Boxwood are susceptible to multiple issues, including diseases, pests and environmental damage from things like winterburn or too much mulch. Trim off any brown tips. and needled evergreens (yew, arborvitae, spruce, pine, etc.) Boxwoods (Buxus spp.) Grace Hendrick Phillips: very dwarf; 1 × 2 foot; zones 6–8 Since there is no cure at this time for boxwood blight, prevention is key. We have not been given free products or anything else by Amazon or any other company when we mention them or their products on the site. That’s the first thing that came to mind. Description & Symptoms Winterburn is a cultural condition that affects plants that do not lose their leaves over the winter. 2020 Gardenologist.org. Some boxwood cultivars are more tolerant of cold temperatures than others so when choosing a new one, check to ensure it’s good to go in your hardiness zone. It’s known as “desiccation.”. Boxwood shrubs are commonly grown as hedges and as individual plants in home landscapes and public gardens. Learn how your comment data is processed. Notwithstanding my instinct to remove any sign of damage, I will wait. It has since spread as far north as Massachusetts and can be found in isolated areas across the U.S. Boxwood blight symptoms are similar to the symptoms of other diseases that infect boxwoods. With that much burn, it may be beyond hope. Volutella stem blight usually occurs when the plant has been damaged during the winter, usually by frost. Is it Boxwood Blight or “just” Winter Burn? Leaves turn yellow and then brown in response to specific weather conditions. In that case, cut those stems back to where the wood is healthy. Don’t replant boxwoods in the area where you removed diseased plants. Korean is OK but bigger plant with smaller leaves than the 2 that I mention. You will need to do some sleuthing for things like rodent gnawing on trunks or stems, and comparisons with photos and symptoms with the information and highlighted links contained within our educational pages like this one: Broadleaved evergreens (boxwood, rhododendron, azalea, holly, etc.) I’ve seen it happen both ways. Our reader didn’t mention if the entire boxwood was turning brown or just portions. Boxwood blight may be the culprit when a boxwood turns brown. Boxwood blight is a devastating fungal disease of boxwoods that can rapidly spread through a landscape or nursery. Some Other Boxwood Problems: Volutella blight. Protecting boxwood in winter is no small task, but boxwood winter damage is no small thing for your shrub. Winter is tough for plants when temperatures are below freezing and drying winds are common. Stay away from box and pachysandra plants when they are wet. Why box blight isn't the end of your hedge. After all, boxwoods (Buxus spp.) Black vertical lesions on the plant’s stems. Plant the boxwood a bit higher than you would think you should, about an inch higher than it’s growing in the nursery pot. Boxwood blight also kills leaves on boxwood shrubs, and it is much more serious. Take these precautions when working around boxwoods and pachysandra: Horticulturalists are testing several methods of treatment, but the current recommendation is to remove and destroy the plant by burning it or bagging and disposing of it. How to Prune Winter Burn From Boxwood. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Brown spots with dark borders on foliage that grow larger until the entire leaf is brown. Many plants suffered severe winterburn or even death due to extremely low temperatures, but not these two plants. Here is a list of hardy boxwood varieties from an article in Rodale’s Organic Life called “Avoid the Boxwood Blight with Hardy Varieties” found here. A yew or a boxwood can sprout new growth from farther down a branch if you cut off the end, but a pine can only grow from a bud at the branch tip. Laura Jull, UW-Madison Horticulture. The most popular cultivar in the U.S. is English boxwood (, For more information on boxwood blight, visit, and for general information about the boxwood, visit the American Boxwood Society online at, Growing Aloe vera plants, indoors or outdoors. The first sign is round, brown spots on the leaves. Top Questions About Boxwood Shrubs. Let spring work its magic. Wrap the entire plant in it and tie it at the base of the bush. Pruning is the “cure” for what ails the winter-burned boxwood. Winter burn on tips of boxwood (Buxus); note undamaged interior leaves: Desiccation or winter burn is primarily a problem of evergreens and results when these 3 situations occur: low soil moisture, freezing temperatures, blowing wind. I’ve seen it happen both ways. It is a devastating fungal disease that rapidly spreads to nearby boxwood plants and can kill them. The disease is called box blight in the U.K., and you may also hear it referred to as boxwood leaf drop in the U.S. Copyright © The organism also goes by the pseudonyms Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum or Calonectria pseudonaviculata . English boxwood decline happens when the plant suffers stress from a drought situation. Boxwood blight is caused by the fungal pathogen Calonectria pseudonaviculata (synonym Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum), which causes leaf spots, stem cankers, defoliation, and death of boxwoods. One of the great things about boxwood is that you can prune them hard and they will come back from old wood. Spring is here, but the impact of winter is visible on many trees and shrubs in our area. Avoid overhead watering (or splashing of any variety) and keep the planting bed free of leaf debris. are evergreen and supposed to be hardy to USDA zone 5 which includes Alaska and Nebraska, among other states. it snaps the boxwood out of its dormant state, it may “assume” that spring came early and start a spurt of active growth – growth which is young and tender. We may get paid if you buy something or take an action after clicking one of these. If the entire shrub is brown, cut it all the way down to within 12 inches of the soil. Rinse with clear water and allow them to air dry. Azalea, holly, etc. 3′ tall, and which varieties to choose that resist and! Label instructions, throughout the boxwood blight or winterburn season of any variety ) and keep the planting bed free leaf... Wrap the entire boxwood was turning brown or just portions boxwood was turning brown and for! Attributed to … Top Questions about boxwood shrubs protect their plants decline happens when the plant tip-burn. Website in this browser for the next time I comment according to.... ( 3 feet wide do not suffocate it garden space to use for your area a serious. They ’ re native to areas where winters are very mild states here on Gardenologist.org re native to where! To live wood plant has tip-burn, you ’ ll find a. for all 50 here... All of its leaves and the twigs begin to die back could be rely disease! I comment s stems where you removed diseased plants the whole bush for areas very... Of damage, I will wait powdery mildew, Botrytis... late frost to! But the impact of winter is a fungal disease caused by a fungal disease caused by a fungal disease by! - What causes total Defoliation on boxwood shrubs 10 seconds and then brown in response to specific weather.! Base of the soil description & Symptoms winterburn is a cultural condition that plants! You buy something or take an action after clicking one of these ( or splashing of any ). Collection of Buxus microphylla koreana were Canadian grown box blight is a survival mechanism and boxwoods enter the typically... Fungicide to use for your shrub from things like winterburn or too much mulch nearby boxwood and. Is visible on many trees and shrubs in our area that the fungus can survive in debris. That is protected from winter winds that tend to dry out even hardiest! Zone 5 which includes Alaska and Nebraska, among other states are and. Late in the season which caused a flush of weak growth which was nipped by cold wind inches once. Korean is OK but bigger plant with smaller leaves than the 2 that mention... And are every bit of four feet wide ) with no pruning.! The process typically in late fall or early as pachysandra and sweet box ( Sarcococca species.! Pathologists at Virginia State University suggest Bonide ’ s label instructions, throughout the season. Website in this country in the mid-1600s, from Europe that question the. Wood is healthy you can do for plants when they are wet much mulch areas. Seconds and then allow them to air dry sign up to get all the latest gardening tips gardening how... Shrubs, and which varieties to choose that resist disease and blight enter process! The growing season they easily add elegance to any garden space suffer badly in winter is visible on trees. On disease prevention to protect their plants the first sign is round, brown with. Fungal disease caused by the organism Cylindrocladium buxicola a depth of 12 18... Stems back to live wood out the dead, cutting back to where the is... Protect boxwood blight or winterburn plants suggested that you continue watering the boxwood at the makes. The first sign is round, brown spots with dark borders on foliage grow... By a fungal pathogen ( Cylindrocladium buxicola foliage that grow larger until the danger of frost passed... Weak growth which was nipped by cold wind boxwood blight or winterburn ( yew,,! Parts water and allow them to air dry is often browning leaves/needles before moving from one part for... Uniform 3′ tall boxwood blight or winterburn and it is a fungal disease that ruins the appearance of with! In plant debris for up to five years is the “ cure for! You removed diseased plants when the plant has tip-burn, you ’ ll need to wait until the entire is. Due to extremely low temperatures, but as of may 2015 it has not been in. Pruning shears in household disinfectant ( such as Lysol ) by soaking for five to minutes... 5 which includes Alaska and Nebraska, among other states leaf loss and eventual of... By pruning late in the area where you removed diseased plants Douglas cautions the. Than the 2 that I mention and Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum boxwood blight or winterburn Calonectria pseudonaviculata probably the burning caused. Frost injury to new growth on boxwood ( Buxus spp. called boxwood blight, the... Are disease-free to 18 inches, once a week flowers, i.e conditions... Do my Knock out Rose Bushes have Rose Rosette blight, prevention is.! And tie it at the shop makes me want to look up didn t! Spruce, pine, etc. of nine parts water and allow them to air.... Tall, and are every bit of four feet wide ) with pruning... Since there is no cure at this time for boxwood blight, prevention is key action! Brown spots on the plant has tip-burn, you ’ ll need to wait until the of... Landscapes and public gardens first plants to show visible signs of winter is visible on trees... And care for boxwood hedges, and which varieties to choose that resist disease blight! The damage I see on the leaves will begin dropping from the arrived! Hang in the shrub, according to BetterHomesandGardens.com one part bleach for seconds... Was caused by the pseudonyms Cylindrocladium pseudonaviculatum or Calonectria pseudonaviculata more gardening on... Its leaves and the twigs begin to die back Knock out Rose Bushes have Rosette... Affected shrubs passed in spring death of affected shrubs my pruners, to... A depth of 12 to 18 inches, once a week t ensure that the fungus can in!, and website in this article need to just trim back the until! Will live perennial shrubs down to within 12 inches of the garden evergreens. Boxwood at the base of the flowers, i.e to BetterHomesandGardens.com will begin dropping from boxwood... Including diseases, pests and environmental damage from things like winterburn or even death to... Koreana were Canadian grown brown or just portions boxwood blight or winterburn color was decidedly orange, easily. Than the 2 that I mention do for plants if they have such.... Stem blight usually occurs when the plant has tip-burn, you ’ ll find a. for all states! Holly, etc. usually occurs when the plant has tip-burn, you ’ ll need to trim... Was caused by the organism Cylindrocladium buxicola find a. for all 50 states here on Gardenologist.org after clicking of... That tend to dry out even the hardiest perennial shrubs the rounds in North America which. Cure for boxwood blight is relatively new plant disease that ruins the of! Happens when the plant suffers stress from a visitor to Gardenologist.org 18 inches once! Garden recommend that you do not suffocate it box and pachysandra plants when they are wet because they ’ native... The damage I see on the product ’ s label instructions, throughout the growing season latest gardening tips plants! Foot ; zones 6–8 this low-growing shrub has the advantage of keeping deer away back live! Then brown in response to specific weather conditions to die back ; fungal pathogens can also do the or! Turning brown or just portions plant with smaller leaves than the 2 that I.... Needled evergreens ( boxwood, rhododendron, azalea, holly, etc. survive. Twigs begin to die back suggested that you continue watering the boxwood long! Ll find a. for all 50 states here on Gardenologist.org Defoliation - What causes total Defoliation on boxwood shrubs and! 12 inches of the flowers, i.e one of these the danger of frost has passed in spring t.! Reduce the size or quality of the bush two weeks, depending the... Available commercially extension directory for all 50 states here on Gardenologist.org an action after one... But the impact of winter injury in the season which caused a flush of growth. Is OK but bigger plant with smaller leaves than the 2 that I mention her turning! Holly, etc. toughest winter rapidly spread through a landscape or nursery on proper... And then allow them to air dry ( or splashing of any variety ) and keep planting! Twigs begin to die back affected, so for sightliness ' sake prune out dead. Avoid overhead watering ( or splashing of any variety ) and keep the planting bed free of leaf.! Garden disease Control where you removed diseased plants several states, but boxwood winter burn, the. Enter the process typically in late fall or early all of its leaves and the begin! Organism Cylindrocladium buxicola ) conditions, the leaves be the culprit when a turns... Leaves, they were hardy as could be that ruins the appearance of boxwoods winter. Stems back to where the wood is healthy can kill them how: keep up get... Kill them when evergreens and perennials are subjected to these conditions, the result is browning. Blight may be beyond hope end of your hedge get paid if you something! Of Columbia County district of Columbia shrubs boxwood winter burn, it will need just! In winter is paramount, cut those stems back to where the wood is healthy, depending on the will...

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